It is a simple fact of common knowledge that penguins are usually associated with Antarctica continent with intense cold and windy climate and endless snow drifts. It turns out that there are different species of Penguins, the location of which is quite far from Southern Pole and in dozen kilometers from equator – Galapagos Penguin species, as an example. Nearly 1000 pairs of them share the land of two main islands: Fernandina and Isabella. No one knows for sure how they have got there, but probably there was once a massive iceberg from Antarctica reached the Galapagos by the Humboldt Current.
But is new habitat perfect for penguins? It is clear as day that conditions of their presence are extremely distinctive from those of originals. So, in order to survive Galapagos Penguins are waiting for cool temperatures caused by the Humboldt Current and cool waters from great depths brought up from the Cromwell Current. As a result of high temperatures, which predominate on the islands, the Galapagos Penguins face an overheating, which represents for them a serious threat. But it isn’t for nothing that these birds are most like humans, they like are as smart as humans and have found a way out of difficult living conditions. In the afternoon, when the temperature reaches its greatest point, they stay in water, making their own food, and at night, once the temperature drops, penguins go to the shore. Because of the severe climatic conditions, population of Galapagos penguin is diminishing each year. Now, these animals are included in the international Red Book. Incidentally, on Galapagos islands there is a larger number of threats, which may threat penguins’ presence, which include snakes, snakes, birds of prey, cats, dogs, rats, sharks, seals and sea lions, who are considered as predators out there.
In addition to Galapagos Penguins, there are other colonies spread outside Antarctica. Therefore, an individual might learn about their presence on the coast of the South Africa, where they’re also known as Black-Footed Penguins, Jackass Penguins or Cape Penguin. Magellanic Penguins (named after their explorer Ferdinand Magellan, who had been the first one to see them in 1519) are located around the coastline of Chile, Argentina and the Falkland Islands.