Moray Eel

Moray Eel, Maldives, Sea

The exclusively marine sea life animals are the moray eel that are found only in salt waters. A number of them are also grow in brackish waters too. Moray eel belongs to the eel family and the largest one of them is the green moray eel.


The eels have an extended dorsal fin. The eels do not have pectoral and pelvic fins. They generally have small eyes which makes the sight of the eels difficult. So they use their sense of smell to identify their prey. They also have a protruding snout with wide jaws. They have narrow heads that helps the eels in swallowing the victim. The moray eels have another set of jaw inside the mouth that helps in capturing and restraining its prey. These pharyngeal jaws also have teeth that help with wounding the prey.

They also have a protective coating of mucus within its body surface that’s secreted by them. This layer protects the eels from any bacterial attacks inside the water. The skin won’t have scales. This gives a smooth appearance. The body of the eel ends with a brief tail fin.

Team Hunting

They have a special character among the sea life creatures which is team hunting. The moray eels initially choose the group by analysing the capacity of the team partners in entering into crevices that are narrow. When the team is formed, a confirmation is made from the eels by shaking the heads. The eels then make a search for a team by surrounding the prey in all directions and finally killing it. Such co-ordinated activities aren’t seen in any other type of fish.

Habitat of Moray Eels

They can be are found in temperate and tropical climates. They are found in oceans and sees of the tropical regions. Normally the moray eels live deep within the water. They are highly conservative in nature. They hide themselves inside crevices and behind the rocks. Some can be found in brackish water bodies. They can travel to some sub – tropical areas at times. Just a tiny population of these eels are seen in different areas of the world too.

These sea creatures have the capacity to wound humans. They have sharp teeth that can pierce human body. But they don’t feed on humans. They feed only on other small fishes. The majority of the time, these eels are thought to be extremely vigorous. In nature they are shy and conservative. They don’t harm humans wilfully. Any assault on humans is purely for defence. If there’s any misconception of prey, the eels can hurt humans.

Otherwise, the moray eels always try to flee rather than fighting with humans. There are divers who feed these creatures with food and there are chances of the divers being harmed from the eels. But usually these eels hide from people behind rocks and cracks.

They will be found abundant in rocky shores, and near the reefs and mangroves.

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